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See below for our recent publications in peer-reviewed journals, books, and patents. Also, icons to the right filter publications by major topics. Public presentations and lectures can also be downloaded from here.

corresponding/senior author, * equal contribution
For a current list, click here.

Preprints under peer review

Kellman B., Sandoval D., Zaytseva O., Brock K., Baboo S., Nachmanson D., Irvine E., Armingol E., Mih N., Zhang Y., Jeffris M., Bartels P., Nguyen T., Tam A., Gasman S., Ilan S., Shamie I., Diedrich J., Wang X., van Woudenbergh E., Altman M., Aylward A., Bao B., Castro A., Sorrentino J., Chiang A., Campbell M., Bartsch Y., Aguilar-Calvo P., Sigurdson C., Alter G., Lauc G., Yates J. III, Marks D., Lisacek F., Lewis N.E. Protein structure, a genetic encoding for glycosylation, bioRxiv (2024).

Kellman B., Mariethoz J., Zhang Y., Shaul S., Jeffris M., Sandoval D., Jeffris M., Armingol E.Bao B., Lisacek F., Bojar D., Lewis N.E. Decoding glycosylation potential from protein structure across human glycoproteins with a multi-view recurrent neural network, bioRxiv (2024).

Rocamora F., Schoffelen S., Arnsdorf J., Toth E.A., Abdul Y., Cleveland T.E., Bjorn S.P., Wu Y.M., McElvaney N.G., Voldborg B.G.R., Fuerst T.R., Lewis N.E.Glycoengineered recombinant alpha1-antitrypsin results in comparable in vitro and in vivo activities to human plasma-derived protein, bioRxiv (2024).

Li H*Peralta A.G.*, Schoffelen S., Hansen A.H., Arnsdorf J., Schinn S., Skidmore J., Choudhury B., Paulchakrabarti M., Voldborg B.G., Chiang A.W.T.Lewis N.E.LeGenD: determining N-glycoprofiles using an explainable AI-leveraged model with lectin profiling, bioRxiv (2024).

Pessentheiner A.R., Spann N.J., Autran C.A., Ramms B., Chiang A.W.T., Grunddal K.V., Wang Y., Quach A., Booshehri L.M., Hammond A., Tognaccini C., Latasiewicz J., Witztum J.L., Hoffman H.M., Lewis N.E., Glass C.K., Bode L., Gordts P.L.S.M. The Human Milk Oligosaccharide 3-Sialyllactose Promotes Inflammation Resolution and Reduces Atherosclerosis Development in Mice. bioRxiv, (2021). doi: 10.1101/2021.03.19.433472


173. Yom A., Chiang A.W.T., Lewis N.E.‡. A Boltzmann model predicts glycan structures from lectin binding. Analytical Chemistry, 96:8332–8341 (2024). doi: 10.1021/acs.analchem.3c04992


161. Toledo A.G., Bratanis E., Velásquez E., Chowdhury S., Sorrentino J.T., Karlsson C., Lewis N.E., Esko J.D., Collin M., Shannon O., Malmström J. Pathogen-driven degradation of endogenous and therapeutic antibodies in vivo during streptococcal infections. Nature Communications, 14(1):6693 (2023). doi:10.1038/s41467-023-42572-0

158. Rocamora F., Peralta A.G., Shin S., Sorrentino J., Wu M., Toth E.A., Fuerst T.A., Lewis N.E. Glycosylation Shapes the Efficacy and Safety of Diverse Protein, Gene and Cell Therapies, Biotechnology Advances, 67, 108206 (2023). preprint

153. Liang C., Chiang A.W.T.‡, Lewis N.E.‡ GlycoMME, a Markov modeling platform for studying N-glycosylation biosynthesis from glycomics data, STAR Protocols, 4, 102244 (2023). doi: 10.1016/j.xpro.2023.102244.

151. Zhang Y., Krishnan S., Bao B., Chiang A.W.T., Sorrentino J.T., Schinn S.M., Kellman B.P.‡, Lewis N.E.‡ Preparing glycomics data for robust statistical analysis with GlyCompareCT, STAR Protocols, 4 (2), 102162 (2023). doi: 10.1016/j.xpro.2023.102162

147. Kotidis P., Donini R., Arnsdorf J., Hansen A.H., Voldborg B.G.R., Chiang A.W.T., Haslam S., Betenbaugh M., Jimenez del Val I., Lewis N.E., Krambeck F, Kontoravdi C. CHOGlycoNET: Comprehensive Glycosylation Reaction Network for CHO cells, Metabolic Engineering, 76, 87-96 (2023). doi: 10.1016/j.ymben.2022.12.009


144. Sasmal A., Khan N., Khedri Z., Kellman B.P., Srivastava S., Verhagen A., Yu H., Bruntse A.B., Diaz S., Varki N., Beddoe T., Paton A.W., Paton J.C., Chen X., Lewis N.E., Varki A. Simple and practical sialoglycan encoding system reveals vast diversity in nature and identifies a universal sialoglycan-recognizing probe derived from AB5 toxin B subunits. Glycobiology, 32, 1101-1115 (2022). doi: 10.1093/glycob/cwac057

142. Sorrentino JT, Golden GJ, Morris C, Painter C, Nizet V, Campos AR, Smith JW, Karlsson C, Malmström J, Lewis NE, Esko JD, Toledo AG. Vascular proteome responses precede organ dysfunction in a murine model of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia, mSystems, 7(4) (2022). doi: 10.1128/msystems.00395-22

141. Li H., Chiang A.W.T.‡, Lewis N.E.‡. Artificial Intelligence in the analysis of glycosylation data. Biotechnology Advances, 60, 108008 (2022). doi: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2022.108008

137. Kellman B.P.*, Richelle A.*, Yang J.Y.E., Chapla D.G., Chiang A.W.T., Najera J., Liang C, Fürst A, Bao B., Koga N., Mohammad M.A., Bruntse A.B., Haymond M.W., Moremen K.W., Bode L., Lewis N.E.. Elucidating Human Milk Oligosaccharide biosynthetic genes through network-based multi-omics integration. Nature Communications, 13, 2455 (2022). doi: 10.1038/s41467-022-29867-4

135. Thacker B.E., Thorne K.J., Cartwright C., Park J., Glass K., Chea A., Kellman B.P., Lewis N.E., Wang Z., Di Nardo A., Sharfstein S.T., Jeske W., Walenga J., Hogwood J., Gray E., Mulloy B., Esko J.D., Glass C.A. Multiplex genome editing of mammalian cells for producing recombinant heparin. Metabolic Engineering, 70, 155-165 (2022). doi: 10.1016/j.ymben.2022.01.002

134. Stanley P., Moremen K.W., Lewis N.E., Taniguchi N., Aebi M. N-Glycans, in Essentials of Glycobiology, 4th Edition (2022), Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory Press.


129. Golden, GJ, Toledo, AG, Marki, A, Sorrentino, JT, Morris, C, Riley, RJ, Spliid, C, Chen, Q, Cornax, I, Lewis, NE, Varki, N, Le, D, Malmström, J, Karlsson, C, Ley, K, Nizet, V, Esko, JD. Endothelial Heparan Sulfate Mediates Hepatic Neutrophil Trafficking and Injury during Staphylococcus aureus Sepsis, mBio,12(5):e0118121 (2021). PMCID: PMC8546592

127. Bao, B.*, Kellman, B.P.*, Chiang, A.W.T., Zhang, Y., Sorrentino, J.T., York, A.K., Mohammad, M.A., Haymond, M.W., Bode, L., Lewis, N.E. Correcting for sparsity and interdependence in glycomic data by accounting for glycan biosynthesisNature Communications, 12, 4988 (2021). doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-25183-5, PMCID: PMC8371009

122. Shamie I.*, Duttke S.H.*, Karottki K.J.L.C., Han C.Z., Hansen A.H., Hefzi H., Xiong K., Li S., Roth S., Tao J., Lee G.M., Glass C.K., Kildegaard H.F., Benner C., Lewis N.E. A Chinese hamster transcription start site atlas that enables targeted editing of CHO cells. NAR Genomics and Bioinformatics, 3: lqab061 (2021). doi: 10.1093/nargab/lqab061

117. Savizi I.S.P., Motamedian E., Maghsoudi N., Lewis N.E., Jimenez del Val I., Shojaosadati S.A. An integrated modular framework for modeling the effect of ammonium on the sialylation process of monoclonal antibodies produced by CHO cells. Biotechnology Journal, 16:2100019 (2021). doi: 10.1002/biot.202100019

116. Weiss RJ*, Spahn PN*, Chiang AWT, Liu Q, Li J, Hamill KM, Rother S, Clausen TM, Hoeksema MA, Timm BM, Godula K, Glass CK, Tor Y, Gordts PLSM, Lewis NE‡, Esko JD‡. Genome-wide screens uncover KDM2B as a modifier of protein binding to heparan sulfate. Nature Chemical Biology, 17: 684–692 (2021). PMCID: PMC8218521

110. Toledo, A.G., Sorrentino, J., Sandoval, D., Malmström, J., Lewis, N.E., Esko, J.D. A Systems View of the Heparan Sulfate Interactome. Journal of Histochemistry & Cytochemistry, 69(2):105–119 (2021). doi: 10.1369/0022155420988661, PMCID: PMC7841697

104. Kellman, B.P., Lewis, N.E. Big-data glycomics: tools to connect glycan biosynthesis to extracellular communication. Trends in Biochemical Sciences, 46:P284-300, (2021). doi: 10.1016/j.tibs.2020.10.004, PMCID: PMC7954846


102. Martino, C.*, Kellman, B.P.*, Sandoval, D.R.*, Clausen, T.M., Marotz, C., Song, S.J., Wandro, S., Zaramela, L., Benítez, R.A.S., Zhu, Q., Armingol, E., Vázquez-Baeza, Y., McDonald, D., Sorrentino, J., Taylor, B., Belda-Ferre, P., Liang, C., Zhang, Y., Schifanella, L., Klatt, N.R., Havulinna, A.S., Jousilahti, P., Huang, S., Haiminen, N., Parida, L., Kim, H.C., Swafford, A.D., Zengler, K., Cheng, S., Inouye, M., Niiranen, T., Jain, M., Salomaa, V., Esko, J.D., Lewis, N.E.‡, Knight, R.‡ Bacterial modification of the host glycosaminoglycan heparan sulfate modulates SARS-CoV-2 infectivity. bioRxiv, (2020). DOI: 10.1101/2020.08.17.238444. News Coverage: Medical News

99. Kellman, B.P.*, Zhang, Y.*, Logomasini, E., Meinhardt, E., Godinez-Macias, K.P., Chiang, A.W.T., Sorrentino, J., Liang, A., Bao, B., Zhou, Y., Akase, S., Sogabe, I, Kuoka, T., Winzeler, E.A., Wilson, I.B.H., Campbell, M.P., Neelamegham, S., Krambeck, F.,J., Aoki-Kinoshita, K.F., Lewis, N.E. A consensus-based and readable extension of Linear Code for Reaction Rules (LiCoRR). Beilstein Journal of Organic Chemistry, 16, 2645–2662 (2020). doi: 10.3762/bjoc.16.215, PMCID: PMC7607430

98. Zhao P, Praissman JL, Grant OC, Cai Y, Xiao T, Rosenbalm KE, Aoki K, Kellman BP, Bridger R, Barouch DH, Brindley MA, Lewis NE, Tiemeyer M, Chen B, Woods RJ, Wells L. Virus-Receptor Interactions of Glycosylated SARS-CoV-2 Spike and Human ACE2 Receptor. Cell Host & Microbe. 28, P586-601.E6 (2020). doi:10.1016/j.chom.2020.08.004, PMCID: PMC7443692

96. Kol, S., Ley, D., Wulff, T., Decker, M., Arnsdorf, J., Schoffelen, S., Hansen, A.H., Gutierrez, J.M., Chiang, A.W.T., Masson, H.O., Palsson, B.O., Voldborg, B.G., Pedersen, L.E., Kildegaard, H.F., Lee, G.M., Lewis, N.E. Multiplex secretome engineering enhances recombinant protein production and purityNature Communications, 11:1908 (2020). doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-15866-w. News coverage: Nature Bioengineering, UCSD Jacobs,, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology News,

93. Weiss, R.J.*, Spahn, P.N.*, Chiang, A.W.T., Li, J., Kellman, B.P., Benner, C., Glass, C.K., Gordts, P.L.S.M., Lewis, N.E.‡, Esko, J.D.‡ ZNF263 is a novel transcriptional regulator of heparin and heparan sulfate biosynthesis, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 117:9311-9317 (2020). doi: 10.1073/pnas.1920880117 News coverage: UCSD Jacobs,, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology News, Biopharma Reporter

89. Liang, C.*, Chiang,. A.W.T.*, Hansen, A.H., Arnsdorf, J., Schoffelen, S., Sorrentino, J.T., Kellman, B.P., Bao, B., Voldborg, B.G., Lewis, N.E. A Markov model of glycosylation elucidates isozyme specificity and glycosyltransferase interactions for glycoengineering. Current Research in Biotechnology, 2:22-36 (2020). doi: 10.1016/j.crbiot.2020.01.001 News coverage: Bioanalysis Zone

86. Karottki, K.J.L.C., Hefzi, H., Xiong, K., Shamie, I., Hansen, A.H., Li, S., Li, S., Lee, J.S., Lee, G.M., Kildegaard, H.F.‡, Lewis, N.E.‡ Awakening dormant glycosyltransferases in CHO cells with CRISPRa. Biotechnology & Bioengineering, 117, 593-598 (2020). doi: 10.1002/bit.27199


83. Toledo, A.G., Golden, G., Campos, A.R., Cuello, H., Sorrentino, J., Lewis, N.E., Varki, N., Nizet, V., Smith, J.W., Esko, J.D. Proteomic atlas of organ vasculopathies triggered by Staphylococcus aureus sepsis. Nature Communications, 10:4656 (2019). doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-12672-x

69. LaMonte, G., Orjuela-Sanchez, P., Wang, L., Li, S., Swann, J., Cowell, A., Zou, B.Y., Abdel-Haleem, A.M., Villa-Galarce, Z., Moreno, M., Tong-Rios, C., Vinetz, J., Lewis, N.E., Winzeler, E.A. Dual RNAseq shows the human mucosal immunity protein, MUC13, is a hallmark of Plasmodium exoerythrocytic infectionNature Communications, 10:488 (2019). doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-08349-0

68. Landig, C.S., Hazel, A., Kellman, B.P., Fong, J.J., Schwarz, F., Agarwal, S., Varki, N., Massari, P., Lewis, N.E., Ram, S., Varki, A. The exclusively human-pathogen Neisseria gonorrhoeae engages 4 immunoregulatory siglecs in a species-specific mannerEvolutionary Applications, 12:337-349 (2019). doi: 10.1111/eva.12744



53. Autran, C.A.*, Kellman, B. *, Asztalos, E., Blood, A., Hamilton Spense, E.C., Patel, A.L., Kim, J.H., Hou, J., Lewis, N.E., Bode, L. Human milk oligosaccharide composition predicts risk of necrotizing enterocolitis in preterm infantsGut, 67:312819. DOI: 10.1136/gutjnl-2016-312819, Highlighted in Nature Reviews Gastroenterology and Chemical and Engineering News

51. Spahn, P.N., Hansen, A.H., Kol, S., Voldborg, B.G., Lewis, N.E.‡  Predictive glycoengineering of biosimilars using a Markov chain glycosylation modelBiotechnology Journal,12:1600489 (2017). DOI:10.1002/biot.201600489


44. Chiang, A.W.T., Li, S., Spahn, P.N., Richelle, A., Kuo, C.C., Samoudi, M.,  Lewis, N.EModulating carbohydrate-protein interactions through glycoengineering of monoclonal antibodies to impact cancer physiologyCurrent Opinion in Structural Biology, 10, 104–111 (2016). DOI: 10.1016/

39. Spahn, P.N., Hansen, A.H., Hansen, H.G., Arnsdorf, J., Kildegaard, H.F., Lewis, N.E.‡  A Markov chain model for N-linked protein glycosylation – towards a low-parameter tool for model-driven glycoengineeringMetabolic Engineering,  33: 52–66 (2016). DOI:10.1016/j.ymben.2015.10.007



29. Spahn, P., Lewis, N.E.‡ Systems glycomics for glycoengineeringCurrent Opinion in Biotechnology, 30:218–224 (2014). DOI: 10.1016/j.copbio.2014.08.004


23. Lewis, N.E.*, Liu, X.*, Li, Y.*, Nagarajan, H.*, Yerganian, G., O’Brien, E., Bordbar, A., Roth, A.M., Rosenbloom, J., Bian, C., Xie, M., Chen, W., Li, N., Baycin-Hizal, D., Latif, H., Forster, J., Betenbaugh, M.J., Famili, I., Xu, X., Wang, J., Palsson, B.O. Genomic landscapes of Chinese hamster ovary cell lines as revealed by the Cricetulus griseus draft genomeNature Biotechnology. 31:759-65 (2013). doi: 10.1038/nbt.2624. * equal contribution



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14. Xu, X.*, Nagarajan, H.*, Lewis, N.E.*, Pan, S.*,et al. The Genomic Sequence of the Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) K1 cell lineNature Biotechnology, 29:735-41 (2011). * equal contribution



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Patents and applications

13. Kellman, BP, Lewis, NE, Sandoval, D, Nachmenson, D, Chiang, AWT. Glycosylation engineering. Patent pending – provisional.

12. Lewis, N.E., Chiang, W.T., Kellman, B.P., Bao, B., Schinn, M.S. Clinical diagnostics using glycans. Patent WO2023034383A3.

10. Fuerst, T.R., Toth, E.A., Lewis, N.E., Voldborg, B.G., Chiang, W.T. Compositions and methods for producing glyco-modified viral antigens. Patent PCT/US2022/014338.

9. Lewis, N.E., Chiang, W.T., Liang, C., Sorrentino, J.T. Method of Measuring Complex Carbohydrates. Patent PCT/US2021/044139.

8. Martino, C., Kellman, B., Lewis, N.E., Knight, R., Sandoval, D., Esko, J., Mandel-Clausen, T. Application of microbial glycosidase as a therapeutic or anti-viral. Patent PCT/US2021/046144.

7. Lewis, N.E., Liang, C., Chiang, W.T. Methods of Designing Carbohydrates. Patent PCT/EP2020/082713.

3. Hefzi, H., Lewis, N.E. Mammalian cells devoid of lactate dehydrogenase activity Patent US11242510B2.

2. Spahn, P., Lewis, N.E. Systems and methods for predicting glycosylation on proteins. WO Patent 2016187341 A1.

1. Herrgard, M. J., Pedersen, L.E., Lewis, N.E.Bruntse, A.B. Methods for modeling Chinese hamster ovary (CHO) cell metabolism. WO Patent WO2015010088-A1.