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See below for our recent publications in peer-reviewed journals, books, and patents. Also, icons to the right filter publications by major topics. Public presentations and lectures can also be downloaded from here.

corresponding/senior author, * equal contribution
For a current list, click here.


161. Masson H.O., Kuo C.C., Malm M., Lundqvist M., Sievertsson Å, Berling A., Tegel H., Hober S., Uhlén M., Grassi L., Hatton D., Rockberg J.‡, Lewis N.E.Deciphering the determinants of recombinant protein yield across the human secretome, bioRxiv (2022).

159. Ghaddar A., Armingol E., Huynh C., Gevirtzman L., Lewis N.E., Waterston R., O’Rourke E. Whole-body gene expression atlas of an adult metazoan, bioRxiv (2022).

158. Armingol E., Larsen R.O., Cequeira M, Baghdassarian H., Lewis N.E. Unraveling the coordinated dynamics of protein- and metabolite-mediated cell-cell communication. bioRxiv (2022)

157. Chiang A.W.T., Gazestani V.H., Altieri M.G., Courchesne E., Lewis N.E. Optimal balancing of clinical factors in large scale clinical RNA-Seq studies. bioRxiv (2021). doi: 10.1101/2021.06.30.450639

156. Pessentheiner A.R., Spann N.J., Autran C.A., Ramms B., Chiang A.W.T., Grunddal K.V., Wang Y., Quach A., Booshehri L.M., Hammond A., Tognaccini C., Latasiewicz J., Witztum J.L., Hoffman H.M., Lewis N.E., Glass C.K., Bode L., Gordts P.L.S.M. The Human Milk Oligosaccharide 3-Sialyllactose Promotes Inflammation Resolution and Reduces Atherosclerosis Development in Mice. bioRxiv, (2021). doi: 10.1101/2021.03.19.433472

155. Martino, C.*, Kellman, B.P.*, Sandoval, D.R.*, Clausen, T.M., Marotz, C., Song, S.J., Wandro, S., Zaramela, L., Benítez, R.A.S., Zhu, Q., Armingol, E., Vázquez-Baeza, Y., McDonald, D., Sorrentino, J., Taylor, B., Belda-Ferre, P., Liang, C., Zhang, Y., Schifanella, L., Klatt, N.R., Havulinna, A.S., Jousilahti, P., Huang, S., Haiminen, N., Parida, L., Kim, H.C., Swafford, A.D., Zengler, K., Cheng, S., Inouye, M., Niiranen, T., Jain, M., Salomaa, V., Esko, J.D., Lewis, N.E.‡, Knight, R.‡ Bacterial modification of the host glycosaminoglycan heparan sulfate modulates SARS-CoV-2 infectivity. bioRxiv, (2020). DOI: 10.1101/2020.08.17.238444. News Coverage: Medical News

154. Gazestani, V., Chiang, A.W.T., Courchesne, E.‡, Lewis, N.E. Autism genetics perturb prenatal neurodevelopment through a hierarchy of broadly-expressed and brain-specific genes. bioRxiv (2020). DOI: 10.1101/2020.05.24.112623


151. Liang C., Chiang A.W.T.‡, Lewis N.E.‡ GlycoMME, a Markov modeling platform for studying N-glycosylation biosynthesis from glycomics data, STAR Protocols, accepted (2023).

150. Masson H.O., Karottki K.J.L.C., Tat J., Hefzi H.‡, Lewis N.E.From Observational to Actionable: rethinking Omics in Biologics Production, Trends in Biotechnology, in press (2023).

149. Zhang Y., Krishnan S., Bao B., Chiang A.W.T., Sorrentino J.T., Schinn S.M., Kellman B.P.‡, Lewis N.E.‡ Preparing glycomics data for robust statistical analysis with GlyCompareCT, STAR Protocols, 4 (2), 102162 (2023). doi: 10.1016/j.xpro.2023.102162

148. Masson H.O., Borland D., Reilly J., Telleria A., Shrivastava S., Watson M., Bustillo L., Li Z., Capps L., Kellman B.P., King Z.A., Richelle A., Lewis N.E.‡, Robasky K.‡ ImmCellFie: A user-friendly web-based platform to infer metabolic function from omics data. STAR Protocols, 4 (1), 102069 (2023) doi: 10.1016/j.xpro.2023.102069

147. Ha TK*, Òdena A*, Karottki KJLC, Kim CL, Hefzi H, Lee GM, Kildegaard HF, Nielsen LK, Grav LM, Lewis NE. Enhancing CHO cell productivity through a dual selection system in glutamine free medium. Biotechnology & Bioengineering, 120 (4), 1159-1166. (2023). doi: 10.1002/bit.28318, Preprint

146. Gopalakrishnan S., Joshi C.J., Valderrama Gomez M., Icten E., Rolandi P., Johnson W., Kontoravdi C., Lewis N.E. Guidelines for extracting biologically relevant context-specific metabolic models using gene expression data, Metabolic Engineering, in press (2023). doi: 10.1016/j.ymben.2022.12.003, bioRxiv preprint


144. Armingol E., Ghaddar A., Joshi C.J., Baghdassarian H.M., Shamie I., Chan J., Her H.L., Berhanu S., Dar A., Rodriguez-Armstrong F., Yang O., O’Rourke E.J.‡, Lewis N.E.‡ Inferring the spatial code of cell-cell interactions across a whole animal body. PLoS Computational Biology, 18(11): e1010715 (2022). DOI: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1010715 (see for cell2cell code)

142. Sasmal A., Khan N., Khedri Z., Kellman B.P., Srivastava S., Verhagen A., Yu H., Bruntse A.B., Diaz S., Varki N., Beddoe T., Paton A.W., Paton J.C., Chen X., Lewis N.E., Varki A. Simple and practical sialoglycan encoding system reveals vast diversity in nature and identifies a universal sialoglycan-recognizing probe derived from AB5 toxin B subunits. Glycobiology, 32, 1101-1115 (2022). doi: 10.1101/2021.05.28.446191

141. Bao B.*, Zahiri J.*, Gazestani V.H.*, Lopez L., Xiao Y., Kim R., Wen T., Chiang A.W.T., Nalabolu S., Pierce K., Robasky K., Wang T., Hoekzema T., Eichler E.E., Lewis N.E.‡, Courchesne, E.‡. A Predictive Ensemble Classifier for the Molecular Diagnosis of ASD at Ages 1 to 4 Years. Molecular Psychiatry, (2022). doi: 10.1101/2021.07.08.21260225

140. Sorrentino JT, Golden GJ, Morris C, Painter C, Nizet V, Campos AR, Smith JW, Karlsson C, Malmström J, Lewis NE, Esko JD, Toledo AG. Vascular proteome responses precede organ dysfunction in a murine model of Staphylococcus aureus bacteremia, mSystems, 7(4) (2022). doi: 10.1128/msystems.00395-22

139. Li H., Chiang A.W.T.‡, Lewis N.E.‡. Artificial Intelligence in the analysis of glycosylation data. Biotechnology Advances, 60, 108008 (2022). doi: 10.1016/j.biotechadv.2022.108008

138. Joshi C.J., Ke W., Drangowska-Way A., O’Rourke E.J.‡, Lewis N.E.‡ What are housekeeping genes? PLoS Computational Biology, 18:e1010295 (2022).

137. Tsai CM, Caldera JR, Hajam IA, Chiang AWT, Tsai CH, Li H, Lázaro-Díez M, Gonzalez C, Trieu D, Martins GA, Underhill DM, Arditi M, Lewis NE, Liu GY. Non-protective immune imprint underlies failure of S. aureus IsdB vaccine. Cell Host and Microbe, 30, 1163-1172 (2022).

136. Armingol E.*, Baghdassarian H.*, Martino C., Perez-Lopez A., Aamodt C., Knight R., Lewis N.E. Context-aware deconvolution of cell-cell communication with Tensor-cell2cell. Nature Communications, 13, 3665 (2022). doi: 10.1038/s41467-022-31369-2 , Nature Portfolio Bioengineering (see for more info)

135. Kellman B.P.*, Richelle A.*, Yang J.Y.E., Chapla D.G., Chiang A.W.T., Najera J., Liang C, Fürst A, Bao B., Koga N., Mohammad M.A., Bruntse A.B., Haymond M.W., Moremen K.W., Bode L., Lewis N.E.. Elucidating Human Milk Oligosaccharide biosynthetic genes through network-based multi-omics integration. Nature Communications, 13, 2455 (2022). doi: 10.1038/s41467-022-29867-4

134. Malm M.*, Kuo C.C.*, Barzadd M.M., Mebrahtu A., Wistbacka N., Razavi R., Volk A.L., Lundqvist M., Kotol D., Edfors F., Gräslund T., Chotteau V., Field R., Varley P.G., Roth R.G., Lewis N.E.‡, Hatton D., Rockberg J.‡ Harnessing secretory pathway differences between HEK293 and CHO to rescue production of difficult to express proteins. Metabolic Engineering, 72, 171-187 (2022). bioRxiv doi: 10.1101/2021.08.16.455786, DOI: 10.1016/j.ymben.2022.03.009, PMCID: PMC9189052

133. Thacker B.E., Thorne K.J., Cartwright C., Park J., Glass K., Chea A., Kellman B.P., Lewis N.E., Wang Z., Di Nardo A., Sharfstein S.T., Jeske W., Walenga J., Hogwood J., Gray E., Mulloy B., Esko J.D., Glass C.A. Multiplex genome editing of mammalian cells for producing recombinant heparin. Metabolic Engineering, 70, 155-165 (2022). doi: 10.1016/j.ymben.2022.01.002

131. Spahn, P.N.*, Zhang, X.*, Hu, Q., Hamaker, N., Hefzi, H., Li, S., Kuo, C.C., Huang, Y., Lee, J.C., Ly, P. , Lee, K.H.,‡ Lewis, N.E.‡ Restoration of deficient DNA Repair Genes Mitigates Genome Instability and Increases Productivity of Chinese Hamster Ovary Cells. Biotechnology & Bioengineering, 119, 963-982 (2022). doi: 10.1002/bit.28016, bioRxiv doi: 10.1101/2021.01.07.425558

130. Xiao Y, Wen TH, Kupis L, Eyler L, Goel D, Vaux K, Lombardo MV, Lewis NE, Pierce K, Courchesne E. Neural responses to affective speech, including motherese, map onto clinical and social eye tracking profiles in ASD toddlers. Nature Human Behavior, 6, 443–454 (2022).

128. Manresa M.C., Wu A., Nhu Q., Chiang A.W.T., Okamoto K., Miki H., Kurten R., Pham E., Duong L.D., Lewis N.E., Akuthota P., Croft M. Aceves S.S. LIGHT controls distinct homeostatic and inflammatory gene expression profiles in esophageal fibroblasts via differential HVEM and LTβR-mediated mechanisms. Mucosal Immunology, 15, 327–337 (2022).


127. Golden, GJ, Toledo, AG, Marki, A, Sorrentino, JT, Morris, C, Riley, RJ, Spliid, C, Chen, Q, Cornax, I, Lewis, NE, Varki, N, Le, D, Malmström, J, Karlsson, C, Ley, K, Nizet, V, Esko, JD. Endothelial Heparan Sulfate Mediates Hepatic Neutrophil Trafficking and Injury during Staphylococcus aureus Sepsis, mBio,12(5):e0118121 (2021). PMCID: PMC8546592

125. Bao, B.*, Kellman, B.P.*, Chiang, A.W.T., Zhang, Y., Sorrentino, J.T., York, A.K., Mohammad, M.A., Haymond, M.W., Bode, L., Lewis, N.E. Correcting for sparsity and interdependence in glycomic data by accounting for glycan biosynthesisNature Communications, 12, 4988 (2021). doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-25183-5, PMCID: PMC8371009

123. Lombardo MV, Eyler L, Pramparo T, Gazestani VH, Hagler Jr. DJ, Chen CH, Dale AM, Seidlitz J, Bethlehem RAI, Bertelsen N, Barnes CC, Lopez L, Campbell K, Lewis NE, Pierce K, Courchesne E. Atypical genomic patterning of the cerebral cortex in autism with poor early language outcome, Science Advances, 7: eabh1663 (2021). doi:10.1126/sciadv.abh1663

122. Robasky K., Kim R., Yi H., Xu H., Bao B., Chiang A.W.T., Courchesne E., Lewis N.E. Transfer learning improves outcome predictions for ASD from gene expression in blood. bioRxiv (2021). doi: 10.1101/2021.06.26.449864

121. Xiong, K., Karottki, K.J.L.C., Hefzi, H., Li, S., Grav, L.M., Li, S., Spahn, P., Lee, J.S., Lee, G.M., Lewis, N.E., Kildegaard, H.F.,Pedersen, L.E. An optimized genome-wide, virus-free CRISPR screen for mammalian cells. Cell Reports Methods, 1:100062 (2021). bioRxiv doi: 10.1101/2020.05.19.103648

120. Shamie I.*, Duttke S.H.*, Karottki K.J.L.C., Han C.Z., Hansen A.H., Hefzi H., Xiong K., Li S., Roth S., Tao J., Lee G.M., Glass C.K., Kildegaard H.F., Benner C., Lewis N.E. A Chinese hamster transcription start site atlas that enables targeted editing of CHO cells. NAR Genomics and Bioinformatics, 3: lqab061 (2021). doi: 10.1093/nargab/lqab061

119. Kuo, C.C., Chiang, A.W.T., Baghdassarian H.M., Lewis, N.E. Dysregulation of the secretory pathway connects Alzheimer’s disease genetics to aggregate formation. Cell Systems, 12: P873-884.E4, (2021). doi: 10.1016/j.cels.2021.06.001 bioRxiv doi: 10.1101/2020.08.10.243634, PMCID: PMC8505362. Highlighted by

118. Richelle, A., Kellman, B.P., Wenzel, A.T., Chiang, A.W.T., Reagan, T., Gutierrez, J.M., Joshi, C., Li, S., Liu, J.K., Masson, H., Lee, J., Li, Z., Heirendt, L., Trefois, C., Juarez, E.F., Bath, T., Borland, D., Mesirov, J.P., Robasky, K., Lewis, N.E. Model-based assessment of mammalian cells metabolic functionalities from omics data. Cell Reports Methods, 1:100040 (2021). doi: 10.1016/j.crmeth.2021.100040

117. Samoudi M, Masson H, Kuo CC, Robinson C, Lewis NE. From omics to cellular mechanisms in mammalian cell factory development, Curr Opin in Chem Eng, 32: 100688 (2021). doi: 10.1016/j.coche.2021.100688

114. Weiss RJ*, Spahn PN*, Chiang AWT, Liu Q, Li J, Hamill KM, Rother S, Clausen TM, Hoeksema MA, Timm BM, Godula K, Glass CK, Tor Y, Gordts PLSM, Lewis NE‡, Esko JD‡. Genome-wide screens uncover KDM2B as a modifier of protein binding to heparan sulfate. Nature Chemical Biology, 17: 684–692 (2021). PMCID: PMC8218521

113. Karottki, K.J.L.C., Hefzi, H., Li, S., Pedersen, L.E., Spahn, P., Ruckerbauer, D., Bort, J.H., Thomas, A., Lee, J.S., Borth, N., Lee, G.M., Kildegaard, H.F.‡, Lewis, N.E.A metabolic CRISPR-Cas9 screen in Chinese hamster ovary cells identifies glutamine-sensitive genes. Metabolic Engineering, 66:114-122 (2021). doi: 10.1016/j.ymben.2021.03.017. bioRxiv doi: 10.1101/2020.05.07.081604, PMCID: PMC8193919

112. Schinn S-M, Morrison C, Wei W, Zhang L, Lewis NE. Systematic evaluation of parameterization for genome-scale metabolic models of cultured mammalian cells. Metabolic Engineering, 66:21-30 (2021). bioRxiv doi:10.1101/2020.06.24.169938.

111. Granados, J.C., Richelle, A., Gutierrez, J.M., Zhang, P., Bhatnagar, V., Lewis, N.E., Nigam, S.K. Coordinate regulation of systemic and kidney tryptophan metabolism by the drug transporters OAT1 and OAT3. Journal of Biological Chemistry. 296:100575 (2021). doi: 10.1016/j.jbc.2021.100575, PMCID: PMC8102410

109. Askarian, F., Uchiyama, S.*, Masson, H.*, Bunæs, A.C., Golten, O., Mekasha, S., Røhr, Å.K., Kommedal, E., Ludvigsen, J.A., Sørensen, H.V., Arntzen, M.Ø., Schmidt, B., van Sorge, N.M., Eijsink, V.G.H, Krengel, U., Mollnes, T.E., Lewis, N.E., Nizet, V., Vaaje-Kolstad, G. The lytic polysaccharide monooxygenase CbpD promotes Pseudomonas aeruginosa virulence in systemic infection. Nature Communications, 12: 1230 (2021). doi: 10.1038/s41467-021-21473-0, PMCID: PMC7902821

107. Hsieh LY, Chiang AWT, Duong LD, Kuo CC, Dong S, Dohil R, Kurten R, Lewis NE, Aceves SS. A Unique Esophageal Extracellular Matrix Proteome Alters Normal Fibroblast Function in Severe Eosinophilic Esophagitis. Journal of Allergy and Clinical Immunology, in press (2021). doi: 10.1016/j.jaci.2021.01.023, PMCID: PMC8342625

106. Kellman, B.P.*, Baghdassarian, H.M.*,Pramparo, T., Shamie, I., Gazestani, V.H., Begzati, A., Li, S., Nalabolu, S., Murray, S., Lopez, L., Pierce, K., Courchesne, E., Lewis, N.E. Multiple freeze-thaw cycles lead to a loss of consistency in poly(A)-enriched RNA sequencing. BMC Genomics, 22, 69 (2021). doi: 10.1186/s12864-021-07381-z, PMCID: PMC7818915

105. Armingol, E.*, Officer, A.*, Harismendy, O.‡, Lewis, N.E.Deciphering cell-cell interactions and communication from gene expression. Nature Reviews Genetics, 22:71–88 (2021). doi: 10.1038/s41576-020-00292-x

104. Chiang AWT, Duong LD, Shoda T, Nhu QM, Ruffner M, Hara T, Aaron B, Joplin E, Manresa M, Abonia JP, Dellon E, Hirano I, Gonsalves N, Gupta S, Furuta G, Rothenberg ME, Lewis NE, Muir AB, Aceves SS, CEGIR Investigator Group. Type 2 Immunity and Age Modify Gene Expression of COVID19 Receptors in Eosinophilic Gastrointestinal Disorders. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr, 72:718-722 (2021). doi: 10.1097/MPG.0000000000003032.

103. Samoudi, M.*, Kuo, C.C.*, Robinson, C.M.*, Shams-Ud-Doha, K., Schinn, S.M., Kol, S., Weiss, L., Bjorn, S.P., Voldborg, B.G., Campos, A.R., Lewis, N.E. In situ detection of protein interactions for recombinant therapeutic enzymes. Biotechnology & Bioengineering, 118 (2):890-904 (2021). doi: 10.1002/bit.27621, PMCID: PMC7855575

102. Kellman, B.P., Lewis, N.E. Big-data glycomics: tools to connect glycan biosynthesis to extracellular communication. Trends in Biochemical Sciences, 46:P284-300, (2021). doi: 10.1016/j.tibs.2020.10.004, PMCID: PMC7954846


100. Lin, D., Yalamanchili, H., Zhang, X., Lewis, N.E., Alves, C.L., Groot, J., Arnsdorf, J., Bjørn, S.P., Wulff, T., Voldborg, B.G., Zhou, Y., Zhang, B. CHOmics: a web-based tool for multi-omics data analysis and interactive visualization in CHO cell linesPLoS Computational Biology, 16: e1008498 (2020). doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1008498

97. Manresa MC, Chiang AWT, Kurten RC, Dohil R, Brickner H, Dohil L, Herro R, Akuthota P, Lewis NE, Croft M, Aceves SS. Increased Production of LIGHT by T Cells in Eosinophilic Esophagitis Promotes Differentiation of Esophageal Fibroblasts Toward an Inflammatory Phenotype. Gastroenterology. S0016-5085(20)34997-0 (2020). doi: 10.1053/j.gastro.2020.07.035. PMCID: PMC7726704

96. Kol, S., Ley, D., Wulff, T., Decker, M., Arnsdorf, J., Schoffelen, S., Hansen, A.H., Gutierrez, J.M., Chiang, A.W.T., Masson, H.O., Palsson, B.O., Voldborg, B.G., Pedersen, L.E., Kildegaard, H.F., Lee, G.M., Lewis, N.E. Multiplex secretome engineering enhances recombinant protein production and purityNature Communications, 11:1908 (2020). doi: 10.1038/s41467-020-15866-w. News coverage: Nature Bioengineering, UCSD Jacobs,, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology News,

94. Szeliova, D., Ruckerbauer, D.E., Galleguillos, S.N., Petersen, L.B., Natter, K., Hanscho, M., Troyer, C. Causon, T., Schoeny, H., Christensen, H.B., Lee, D.Y., Lewis, N.E., Koellensperger, G., Hann, S., Nielsen, L., Borth, N., Zanghellini, J. What CHO is made of: Variations in the biomass composition of Chinese hamster ovary cell lines. Metabolic Engineering, 61:288-300 (2020). doi: 10.1016/j.ymben.2020.06.002

93. Weiss, R.J.*, Spahn, P.N.*, Chiang, A.W.T., Li, J., Kellman, B.P., Benner, C., Glass, C.K., Gordts, P.L.S.M., Lewis, N.E.‡, Esko, J.D.‡ ZNF263 is a novel transcriptional regulator of heparin and heparan sulfate biosynthesis, Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 117:9311-9317 (2020). doi: 10.1073/pnas.1920880117 News coverage: UCSD Jacobs,, Genetic Engineering and Biotechnology News, Biopharma Reporter

92. Joshi, C., Schinn, S., Richelle, A.Shamie, I., O’Rourke, E., Lewis, N.E. StanDep: capturing transcriptomic variability improves context-specific metabolic modelsPLoS Computational Biology, 16(5): e1007764. (2020). doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1007764

91. Courchesne, E.*, Gazestani, V.H.*, Lewis, N.E.* Prenatal origins of ASD: The when, what and how of ASD development. Trends in Neurosciences, 43:326 (2020).

88.  Gutierrez, J.M.*, Feizi, A.*, Li, S., Kallehauge, T.B., Grav, L.M., Hefzi, H., Ley, D., Baycin Hizal, D., Betenbaugh, M.J., Voldborg, B., Kildegaard, H.F., Lee, G.M., Palsson, B.O., Nielsen, J., Lewis, N.E. Genome-scale reconstructions of the mammalian secretory pathway predict metabolic costs and limitations of protein secretionNature Communications, 11:68 (2020). doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-13867-y News coverage:

87. Speir, M., Nowell, C.J., Chen, A.A., O’Donnell, J.A., Shamie, I., Lakin, P.R., D’Cruz, A.A., Braun, R.O., Babon, J.J., Lewis, R.S., Bliss-Moreau, M., Shlomovitz, I., Wang, S., Cengia, L.H., Stoica, A.I., Hakem, R., Kelliher, M.A., O’Reilly, L.A., Patsiouras, H., Lawlor, K.E., Weller, E., Lewis. N.E., Roberts, A.W., Gerlic, M., Croker, B.A. PTPN6 inhibits caspase-8- and RIPK3/MLKL-dependent inflammation. Nature Immunology, 21:54–64 (2020). doi:10.1038/s41590-019-0550-7


84. Gazestani, V.H., Pramparo, T., Nalabolu, S., Kellman, B.P., Murray, S., Lopez, L., Pierce, K., Courchesne, E., Lewis, N.E. A perturbed gene network containing PI3K/AKT, RAS/ERK, WNT/β-catenin pathways in leukocytes is linked to ASD genetics and symptom severityNature Neuroscience, 22, 1624–1634 (2019). doi: 10.1038/s41593-019-0489-x, bioRxiv: 10.1101/435917, News coverage: Spectrum News, Genomeweb, Medical News, Technology Networks, Neuroscience News

83. Toledo, A.G., Golden, G., Campos, A.R., Cuello, H., Sorrentino, J., Lewis, N.E., Varki, N., Nizet, V., Smith, J.W., Esko, J.D. Proteomic atlas of organ vasculopathies triggered by Staphylococcus aureus sepsis. Nature Communications, 10:4656 (2019). doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-12672-x

82. Dahodwala, H., Kaushik, P., Tejwani, V., Kuo, C.C., Menard, P., Henry, M., Voldborg, B.G., Lewis, N.E., Meleady, P., Sharfstein, S.T. Increased mAb titers from amplification are associated with increased interaction of CREB1 with transgene promoter. Current Research in Biotechnology, 1:49-57 (2019). doi: 10.1016/j.crbiot.2019.09.001

81. Li, S.*, Richelle, A.*, Lewis, N.E. Enhancing product and bioprocess attributes using genome-scale models of CHO metabolismCell Culture Engineering: Recombinant Protein Production , p.73 (2019). ISBN: 978-3-527-34334-8

79. Richelle, A.Joshi, C.Lewis, N.E. Assessing key decisions for transcriptomic data integration in biochemical networksPLoS Computational Biology, 15(7): e1007185 (2019). doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1007185

78. Chiang, A.W.T., Li, S., Kellman, B.P., Chattopadhyay, G., Zhang, Y., Kuo, C.C., Gutierrez, J.M., Ghazi, F., Schmeisser, H., Menard, P., Bjorn, S.P., Voldborg, B.G., Rosenberg, A.S., Puig, M.‡, Lewis, N.E.‡ Combating viral contaminants in CHO cells by engineering innate immunityScientific Reports, 9:8827 (2019). doi: 10.1038/s41598-019-45126-x

77. Li, S., Cha, S.W., Heffner, K., Baycin-Hizal, D., Bowen, M., Chaerkady, R., Cole, R., Tejwani, V., Kaushik, P., Henry, M., Meleady, P., Sharfstein, S., Betenbaugh, M.J., Bafna, V., Lewis, N.E. Proteogenomic annotation of the Chinese hamster reveals extensive novel translation events and endogenous retroviral elementsJournal of Proteome Research, 18:2433-2445 (2019). bioRxiv: 10.1101/468181 , Download genome and annotation here

76. Gazestani, V.H., Lewis, N.E. From Genotype to Phenotype: Augmenting Deep Learning with Networks and Systems BiologyCurrent Opinion in Systems Biology, 15:68-73 (2019). doi: 10.1016/j.coisb.2019.04.001

74. Richelle, A.Chiang, A.W.T.Kuo, C.C.Lewis, N.E. Increasing consensus of context-specific metabolic models by integrating data-inferred cell functionsPLoS Computational Biology, 15: e1006867 (2019). doi: 10.1371/journal.pcbi.1006867

73. Pristovsek, N., Nallapareddy, S., Grav, L.M., Hefzi, H.Lewis, N.E., Rugbjerg, P., Hansen, H.G., Lee, G.M., Andersen, M.R., Kildegaard, H.F. Systematic Evaluation of Site-Specific Recombinant Gene Expression for Programmable Mammalian Cell EngineeringACS Synthetic Biology, 8:758–774 (2019). doi: 10.1021/acssynbio.8b00453

72. Lytle, N., Ferguson, L.P., Rajbhandari, N., Gilroy, K., Fox, R.G., Robertson, N., Deshpande, A., Schürch, C., Hamilton, M., Robertson, N., Lin, W., Noel, P., Wartenberg, M, Zlobec, I., Eichmann, M., Galván, J.A., Karamitopoulou, E., Gilderman, T., Esparza, L.A., Shima, Y., Spahn, P., French, R., Lewis, N.E., Fisch, K.M., Sasik, R., Rosenthal, S.B., Kritzik, M., Von Hoff, D., Han, H., Ideker, T., Deshpande, A., Lowy, A.M., Adams, P., Reya, T. A multiscale map of the stem cell state in pancreatic adenocarcinomaCell, 177:572-586 (2019).

69. LaMonte, G., Orjuela-Sanchez, P., Wang, L., Li, S., Swann, J., Cowell, A., Zou, B.Y., Abdel-Haleem, A.M., Villa-Galarce, Z., Moreno, M., Tong-Rios, C., Vinetz, J., Lewis, N.E., Winzeler, E.A. Dual RNAseq shows the human mucosal immunity protein, MUC13, is a hallmark of Plasmodium exoerythrocytic infectionNature Communications, 10:488 (2019). doi: 10.1038/s41467-019-08349-0


67. Lombardo, M.V., Pramparo, T., Gazestani, V., Warrier, V.,  Bethlehem, R.AI., Barnes, C.C., Lopez, L., Lewis, N.E., Eyler, L., Pierce, K., Courchesne, E. Large-scale associations between the leukocyte transcriptome and BOLD responses to speech differ in autism early language outcome subtypesNature Neuroscience, 21, 1680–1688 (2018). doi: 10.1038/s41593-018-0281-3 News Coverage:

65. Brunk, E.*, Chang, R.L., Xia, J., Hefzi, H., Yurkovich, J., Kim, D., Buckmiller, E., Wang, H.H., Yang, C., Palsson, B.Ø., Church, G.M.Lewis, N.E.*‡ Characterizing post-translational modifications in prokaryotic metabolism using a multi-scale workflowProc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 115 (43): 11096-11101 (2018). bioRxiv doi: 10.1101/180646

64. Grav, L.M., Sergeeva, D., Lee, J.S., Marin de Mas, I., Lewis, N.E., Andersen, M.R., Nielsen, L.K., Lee, G.M., Kildegaard, H.F. Minimizing clonal variation during mammalian cell line engineering for improved systems biology data generationACS Synthetic Biology, 7 (9):2148–2159. doi:10.1021/acssynbio.8b00140

63. Yeo, N.C., Chavez, A., Lance-Byrne, A., Chan, Y., Menn, D., Milanova, D., Kuo, C.C., Guo, X., Sharma, S., Tung, A., Cecchi, R.J., Tuttle, M., Pradhan, S., Lim, E.T., Davidsohn, N., Ebrahimkhani, M.R., Collins, J.J., Lewis, N.E., Kiani, S., Church, G.M.  An enhanced CRISPR repressor for targeted mammalian gene regulationNature Methods, 15:611-616 (2018) . doi:10.1038/s41592-018-0048-5

61. Rupp, O.*, MacDonald, M.L.*, Li, S.*, Dhiman, H.*, Polson, S., Griep, S., Heffner, K., Hernandez, I., Brinkrolf, K., Jadhav, V., Samoudi, M., Hou, H., Kingham, B., Goesmann, A., Betenbaugh, M.J. ‡, Lewis, N.E.‡, Borth, N.‡, Lee, K.‡ A reference genome of the Chinese hamster based on a hybrid assembly strategyBiotechnology & Bioengineering, 115:2087-2100 (2018). doi: 10.1002/bit.26722

60. Courchesne, E., Pramparo, T., Gazestani, V.H., Lombardo, M.V., Pierce, K., Lewis, N.E. (2018) The ASD living biology: From cell proliferation to clinical phenotypeMolecular Psychiatry, 24:88-107. doi: 10.1038/s41380-018-0056-y 

59.  Kuo, C.C., Chiang, A.W.T., Shamie, I., Samoudi, M., Gutierrez, J.M.Lewis, N.E.‡ The emerging role of systems biology for engineering protein production in CHO cellsCurrent Opinion in Biotechnology, 51:64–69 (2018). doi: 10.1016/j.copbio.2017.11.015

57. Uhlen, M, Tegel, H, Sivertsson, Å, Kuo, C C, Gutierrez, J M, Lewis, N E, Forsström, B, Dannemeyer, M, Fagerberg, L, Rockberg, J, Malm, M, Vunk, H, Edfors, F, Hober, A, Sjöstedt, E, Mulder, J, Mardinoglu, A, Schwenk, J, Nilsson, P, Zwahlen, M, von Feilitzen, K, Lindskog, C, Ponten, F, Nielsen, J, Voldborg, B G, Palsson, B O, Volk, A L R, Lundqvist, M, Berling, A, Svensson, A S, Kanje, A, Enstedt, H, Afshari, D, Ekblad, S, Scheffel, J, Xu, L L, Mihai, R, Bremer, L, Westin, M, Muse, M, Mayr, L, Knight, S, Göpel, S, Davies, R, Varley, P, Hatton, D, Takanen, J O, Schiavone, L H, Hober, S. The human secretome – the proteins secreted from human cellsbioRxiv (2018). doi: 10.1101/465815


56.  Spahn, P.N., Bath, T., Weiss, R.J., Kim, J., Esko, J.D., Lewis, N.E.‡, Harismendy, O.‡. PinAPL-Py: a web-service for the analysis of CRISPR-Cas9 ScreensScientific Reports, 15854 (2017). DOI: 10.1038/s41598-017-16193-9

52. Opdam, S.*, Richelle, A.*, Kellman, B., Li, S., Zielinski, D.C., Lewis, N.E.‡ A systematic evaluation of methods for tailoring genome-scale metabolic modelsCell Systems, 4:1-12 (2017). DOI:10.1016/j.cels.2017.01.010

50. Kallehauge, T.B., Li, S., Pedersen, L.E., Ha, T.K., Ley, D., Andersen, M.R., Kildegaard, H.F., Lee, G.M.‡, Lewis, N.E.‡  Ribosome profiling-guided depletion of an mRNA increases cell growth rate and protein secretionScientific Reports,  7:40388 (2017). DOI:10.1038/srep40388

49. Shen, J.P., Zhao, D., Sasik, R., Luebeck, J., Birmingham, A., Bojorquez-Gomez, A., Licon, K., Klepper, K., Pekin, D., Beckett, A.N., Sanchez, K.S., Thomas, A.Kuo, C.C., Du, D., Roguev, A., Lewis, N.E., Chang, A.N., Kreisberg, J.F., Krogan, N., Qi, L., Ideker, T., Mali, P.M.  Combinatorial CRISPR–Cas9 screens for de novo mapping of genetic interactionsNature Methods,  14:573-576 (2017). DOI:10.1038/nmeth.4225

48. van Wijk, X.M., Döhrmann, S., Hallström, B.M., Li, S., Voldborg, B.G., Meng, B.X., McKee, K.K., van Kuppevelt, T.H., Yurchenco, P.D., Palsson, B.O., Lewis, N.E., Nizet, V., Esko, J.D.Whole Genome Sequencing of Invasion-Resistant Cells Identifies Laminin a2 as a Host Factor For Bacterial InvasionmBio, 8:e02128-16 (2017). DOI:10.1128/mBio.02128-16

47. Lombardo, M.V., Courchesne, E., Lewis, N.E., Pramparo, T. Hierarchical cortical transcriptome disorganization in autismMolecular Autism, 8:29 (2017). DOI: 10.1186/s13229-017-0147-7


45. Hefzi, H.*, Ang, K.S.*, Hanscho, M.*, Bordbar, A., Ruckerbauer, D., Lakshmanan, M., Orellana, C.A., Baycin-Hizal, D., Huang, H., Ley, D., Martínez, V.S., Kyriakopoulos, S., Jiménez, N.E., Zielinski, D.C., Quek, L.E., Wulff, T., Arnsdorf, J., Li, S., Lee, J.S., Paglia, G., Loira, N., Spahn, P.N., Pedersen, L.E., Gutierrez, J.M., King, Z.A., Lund, A.M., Nagarajan, H., Thomas, A., Abdel-Haleem, A.M., Zanghellini, J., Kildegaard, H.F., Voldborg, B.G., Gerdtzen, Z.P., Betenbaugh, M.J., Palsson, B.O., Andersen, M.R., Nielsen, L.K., Borth, N.‡, Lee, D.Y.‡, Lewis, N.E.‡ A consensus genome-scale reconstruction of Chinese hamster ovary cell metabolismCell Systems, 3, 434-443 (2016). DOI:10.1016/j.cels.2016.10.020, News coverage: phys.orgUCSD Health Sciences, Nordic Life Science News, Novo Nordisk Fonden

42. Huang, S., Chong, N., Lewis, N.E., Jia, W., Xie, G., Garmire, L.X. Novel personalized pathway-based metabolomics models reveal key metabolic pathways for breast cancer diagnosisGenome Medicine, 8(1):1 (2016). DOI: 10.1186/s13073-016-0289-9


38. Pramparo, T., Campbell, K., Barnes, C.C., Marinero, S., Solso, S., Young, J., Mayo, M., Dale, A., Ahrens-Barbeau, C., Murray, S.S., Lopez, L., Lewis, N.E., Pierce, K., Courchesne, E. Cell Cycle Networks link Gene Expression Dysregulation, Mutation and Brain Maldevelopment in Autistic ToddlersMolecular Systems Biology,  11: 841 (2015). DOI:10.15252/msb.20156108

36. Kumar, A., Baycin-Hizal, D., Wolozny, D., Pedersen, L.E., Lewis, N.E., Heffner, K., Chaerkady, R., Cole, R.N., Shiloach, J., Zhang, H., Bowen, M.A., Betenbaugh, M.J. Elucidation of the CHO Super-Ome (CHO-SO) by ProteoInfomatics.  Journal of Proteome Research, 14 (11), pp 4687–4703 (2015). DOI: 10.1021/acs.jproteome.5b00588

34. Swann, J., Jamshidi, N., Lewis, N.E., Winzeler, E.A.. Systems analysis of host–parasite interactions. WIREs: Systems Biology and Medicine, 7(6), 381–400 (2015). DOI: 10.1002/wsbm.1311

33. Gutierrez, J.M., Lewis, N.E.‡ Optimizing eukaryotic cell hosts for protein production through systems biotechnology and genome-scale modelingBiotechnology Journal, 10:939–949 (2015). DOI: 10.1002/biot.201400647


30. Busskamp, V.*, Lewis, N.E.*, Guye, P.*, Ng, A.H.M., Shipman, S.L., Byrne, S.M., Sanjana, N.E., Murn, J., Li, Y., Li, S., Stadler, M., Weiss, R., Church, G.M. Rapid neurogenesis through transcriptional activation in human stem cellsMolecular Systems Biology, 10:760 (2014). DOI: 10.15252/msb.20145508. * equal contribution

27. Kumar, A., Harrelson, T., Lewis, N.E., Gallagher, E., LeRoith, D., Shiloach, J., Betenbaugh, M.J.Multi-tissue computational modeling analyzes pathophysiology of Type 2 Diabetes in MKR micePLoS One, 9(7): e102319. DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0102319

25. Robasky, K.*, Lewis, N.E.‡*, Church, G.M. The Role of Replicates for Error Mitigation in Next-Generation SequencingNature Reviews Genetics. 15:56–62 (2014). DOI: 10.1038/nrg3655  corresponding author, * equal contribution


evo graphic

24. Lewis, N.E.‡, Abdel-Haleem, A.M. The evolution of genome-scale models of cancer metabolismFront. Physiol. 4:237 (2013). DOI: 10.3389/fphys.2013.00237    corresponding author

23. Lewis, N.E.*, Liu, X.*, Li, Y.*, Nagarajan, H.*, Yerganian, G., O’Brien, E., Bordbar, A., Roth, A.M., Rosenbloom, J., Bian, C., Xie, M., Chen, W., Li, N., Baycin-Hizal, D., Latif, H., Forster, J., Betenbaugh, M.J., Famili, I., Xu, X., Wang, J., Palsson, B.O. Genomic landscapes of Chinese hamster ovary cell lines as revealed by the Cricetulus griseus draft genomeNature Biotechnology. 31:759-65 (2013). doi: 10.1038/nbt.2624. * equal contribution

22. Kildegaard, H.F., Baycin-Hizal, D., Lewis, N.E., Betenbaugh, M.J. The Emerging CHO Systems Biology Era: Harnessing the ‘Omics Revolution for BiotechnologyCurrent Opinion in Biotechnology. S0958-1669(13):00021-9 (2013). doi: 10.1016/j.copbio.2013.02.007

21. Hyduke, D.R., Lewis, N.E., Palsson, B.Ø. Analysis of omics data with genome-scale models of metabolismMolecular BioSystems, 9:167 (2013). doi: 10.1039/c2mb25453k


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20. Nam, H.J.*, Lewis, N.E.‡*, Lerman, J.A., Lee, D.H., Chang, R.L., Kim, D., Palsson, B.Ø.‡ Network context and selection in the evolution to enzyme specificityScience. 337:1101-1104 (2012).   corresponding author, * equal contribution

18. Baycin-Hizal, D., Tabb, D.L., Chaerkady, R., Chen, L., Lewis, N.E., Nagarajan, H., Sarkaria, V., Kumar, A., Wolozny, D., Colao, J., Jacobson, E., Tian, Y., O’Malley, R.N., Krag, S., Cole, R.N., Palsson, B.O., Zhang, H., Betenbaugh, M.J. Proteomic analysis of Chinese hamster ovary cellsJournal of Proteome Research. 11:5265-76 (2012).

16. Lerman, J.A., Hyduke, D.R., Latif, H., Portnoy, V.A., Lewis, N.E., Orth, J.D., Schrimpe-Rutledge, A.C., Smith, R.D., Adkins, J.N., Zengler, K.A., Palsson, B.Ø. In silico method for modelling metabolism and gene product expression at genome scaleNature Communications. 3:929 (2012).


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14. Xu, X.*, Nagarajan, H.*, Lewis, N.E.*, Pan, S.*,et al. The Genomic Sequence of the Chinese Hamster Ovary (CHO) K1 cell lineNature Biotechnology, 29:735-41 (2011). * equal contribution

11. Conrad, T.M., Lewis, N.E., Palsson, B.Ø. Microbial Laboratory Evolution in the Era of Genome-Scale ScienceMolecular Systems Biology, 7:509 (2011).


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9. Lewis, N.E., Schramm, G., Bordbar, A., Schellenberger, J., Andersen, M.P., Cheng, J.K., Patel, N., Yee, A., Lewis, R.A., Eils, R., König, R., Palsson, B.Ø. Large-scale in silico modeling of metabolic interactions between cell types in the human brainNature Biotechnology, 28:1279–1285 (2010). Paper highlighted by Nature Methods (January 2011).

8. Conrad, T.M., Frazier, M., Joyce, A.R., Cho, B. K., Knight, E. M., Lewis, N.E., Landick, R., Palsson, B.Ø. RNA polymerase mutants found through adaptive evolution re-program Escherichia coli K-12 MG1655 for optimal growth in minimal mediaProc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA, 107:20500-5 (2010).

7. Bordbar, A., Lewis, N.E., Schellenberger, J., Palsson, B.Ø., Jamshidi, N. Insight into human alveolar macrophage and M. tuberculosis interactions via metabolic reconstructionsMolecular Systems Biology, 6:422 (2010).

6. Portnoy, V.A., Scott, D.A., Lewis, N.E., Tarasova, Y., Osterman, A.L., Palsson, B.Ø. Deletion of genes encoding cytochrome oxidases and quinol monooxygenase blocks the aerobic-anaerobic shift in Escherichia coli K-12 MG1655Appl. Environ. Microbiol., 76:6529-40 (2010).

5. Lewis, N.E., Hixson, K.K., Conrad, T.M., Lerman, J.A., Charusanti, P., Polpitiya, A.D., Adkins, J.N., Schramm, G., Purvine, S.O., Lopez-Ferrer, D., Weitz, K.K., Eils, R., König, R., Smith, R.D., Palsson, B.Ø. Omic data from evolved E. coli are consistent with computed optimal growth from genome-scale modelsMolecular Systems Biology, 6:390 (2010).


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3. Lewis, N.E., Cho, B.K., Knight, E.M. Palsson, B. Ø. Gene expression profiling and the use of genome-scale in silico models of Escherichia coli for analysis: providing context for contentJ. Bacteriol., 191:3437-44 (2009).


1. Merrell, K., Southwick, K., Graves, S.W., Esplin, M.S., Lewis, N.E., Thulin, C.D. Analysis of low-abundance, low-molecular-weight serum proteins using mass spectrometryJ. Biomol. Tech., 15:238-48 (2004).

Patents and applications

13. Kellman, BP, Lewis, NE, Sandoval, D, Nachmenson, D, Chiang, AWT. Glycosylation engineering. Patent pending – provisional.

12. Lewis, N.E., Chiang, W.T., Kellman, B.P., Bao, B., Schinn, M.S. Clinical diagnostics using glycans. Patent pending.

9. Lewis, N.E., Chiang, W.T., Liang, C., Sorrentino, J.T. Method of Measuring Complex Carbohydrates. Patent PCT/US2021/044139.

8. Martino, C., Kellman, B., Lewis, N.E., Knight, R., Sandoval, D., Esko, J., Mandel-Clausen, T. Application of microbial glycosidase as a therapeutic or anti-viral. Patent PCT/US2021/046144.

5. Lewis, N.E., Chiang, W.T., Puig, M., Zhang, Y., Rosenberg, A.  Method to Suppress Viral Infection of Mammalian Cells. Patent PCT/US2019/048361.

4. Lewis, N.E., Gazestani, V., Pramparo, T., Courchesne, E. Expression-based diagnosis, prognosis, and treatment of complex diseases. Patent PCT/US2019/041618.